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Literature archive

Vaccine hesitancy: Clarifying a theoretical framework for an ambiguous notion

Posted on 25 Feb, 2015
P Peretti-Watel, HJ Larson, JK Ward, WS Schulz, P Verger. 2015. PLoS Currents.

  Abstract Today, according to many public health experts, public confidence in vaccines is waning. The term “vaccinehesitancy” (VH) is increasingly used to describe the spread of such vaccine reluctance. But VH is an ambiguous notion and its theoretical background …more

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Japan’s Failure to Vaccinate Girls against HPV

Posted on 27 Nov, 2014
Y Ueda, T Enomoto, T Egawa-Takata, A Morimoto, M Sekine, T Kimura. 2015. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination has proven to be effective for prevention of HPV infection and HPV-associated precancerous cervical lesions.1 However, HPV vaccination rates have remained flat, and whether or not to vaccinate has become a social issue. In the United …more

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Tracking the global spread of vaccine sentiments: The global response to Japan’s suspension of its HPV vaccine recommendation

Posted on 13 Nov, 2014
Larson HJ, Wilson R, Hanley S, Parys A, Paterson P. 2014. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics 10(9) 2543-2550 DOI:10.4161/21645515.2014.969618

In June 2013 the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare (MHLW) suspended its HPV vaccination recommendation after a series of highly publicized alleged adverse events following immunization stoked public doubts about the vaccine’s safety. This paper examines the global …more

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Understanding vaccine hesitancy around vaccines and vaccination from a global perspective: A systematic review of published literature, 2007–2012

Posted on 17 Apr, 2014
Larson H, Jarrett C, Eckersberger E, Smith DM, Paterson P. 2014. Vaccine 32(19) 2150-2159

Vaccine “hesitancy” is an emerging term in the literature and discourse on vaccine decision-making and determinants of vaccine acceptance. It recognizes a continuum between the domains of vaccine acceptance and vaccine refusal and de-polarizes previous characterization of individuals and groups …more

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Security, Insecurity, and Health Workers

Posted on 12 Aug, 2013
Larson H, Bhutta Z. 2013. JAMA Internal Medicine 173(15) 1393-1394 doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.7191

In 1988, the World Health Assembly set the goal of eradicating polio by the year 2000. At the time, there were about 350 000 polio cases each year. Although polio has yet to be eradicated, there were only 223 polio cases …more

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A School-Located Vaccination Adolescent Pilot Initiative in Chicago: Lessons Learned

Posted on 11 Feb, 2013
RN Caskey, E Macario, DC Johnson, T Hamlish, KA Alexander. 2013. J Ped Infect Dis. doi: 10.1093/jpids/pit001

Many adolescents underutilize preventive services and are underimmunized. To promote medical homes and increase immunization rates, we conceptualized and implemented a 3-year, 8-school pilot school-located vaccination collaborative program. We sought community, parent, and school nurse input the year prior to implementation. …more

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The human qualities needed to complete the global eradication of polio

Posted on 6 Dec, 2012
D Maher. 2013. Bull World Health Organ 91 pp283–289

Although the 99% decrease seen in global polio incidence between 1988 and 2000 represented remarkable progress towards polio eradication, tackling the last 1% of polio has proved tantalizingly difficult. Pockets of endemic transmission currently persist both on the border between …more

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Mumps Outbreak in Orthodox Jewish Communities in the United States

Posted on 1 Nov, 2012
Barskey AE, Schulte C, Rosen JB, et al. 2012. N Engl J Med 367 pp1704-13

By 2005, vaccination had reduced the annual incidence of mumps in the United States by more than 99%, with few outbreaks reported. However, in 2006, a large outbreak occurred among highly vaccinated populations in the United States, and similar outbreaks …more

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Barriers to pandemic influenza vaccination and uptake of seasonal influenza vaccine in the post-pandemic season in Germany

Posted on 31 Oct, 2012
Böhmer MM, Walter D, Falkenhorst D, Müters S, Krause G , Wichmann O. 2012. BMC Public Health 12 : 938

In Germany, annual vaccination against seasonal influenza is recommended for certain target groups (e.g. persons aged ≥60 years, chronically ill persons, healthcare workers (HCW)). In season 2009/10, vaccination against pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, which was controversially discussed in the public, was …more

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Trust and the demand for autonomy may explain the low rates of immunizations among nurses (Haifa, Israel)

Posted on 29 Oct, 2012
Baron-Epel O, Madjar B, Gerfat R, Rishpon S. 2013. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics 9(1) 10.4161/hv.22503

Rates of vaccinations of healthcare workers with recommended vaccines are generally low in the developed countries. Our goals were to identify attitudes associated with self-reported vaccinations against pertussis and seasonal influenza among Israeli nurses in Mother and Child Healthcare Centers …more

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Videos Video archive

In this episode of Take as Directed, J. Stephen Morrison speaks with Dr. Heidi Larson on why vaccine confidence is currently in crisis, and how this has fueled outbreaks such as measles and the persistence of polio in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Prof Larson discusses vaccine hesitancy and its implications across global health in this webinar.

VCP Research Fellow Emilie Karafillakis comments on the anti-vaccination movement, the role of social media and the importance of rebuilding trust. 

Literature Literature archive

KT Paul, K Loer 2019 Journal of Public Health Policy Volume 40, Issue 2
J Kennedy 2019 The European Journal of Public Health Vol. 29, No. 3, 512–516
C Lynderup Lübker,E Lynge 2019 European Journal of Public Health Vol 29 (3):500–505. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cky235
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The Vaccine Knowledge Project at the Oxford Vaccine Group