Literature archive

Vaccination Policies and Rates of Exemption from Immunization, 2005-2011

Posted on 20 Sep, 2012
Omer SB, Richards JL, Ward M, Bednarczyk RA. 2012. New England Journal of Medicine Vol. 367:1170-1171

We computed the annual change in the rates of nonmedical exemptions from school immunization requirements and compared these rates between states that allow philosophical exemptions and states that allow only religious exemptions. We also compared states with respect to how …more

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Parental perceptions surrounding polio and self-reported non-participation in polio supplementary immunization activities in Karachi, Pakistan

Posted on 14 Sep, 2012
Khowaja AR, Khan SA, Nizam N, Omer SB, Zaidi A. 2012. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 90:822-830

Pakistan is one of only three endemic countries in the world still struggling to interrupt poliovirus transmission and meet the target of global polio eradication by 2012. Polio supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) for the home delivery of oral polio vaccine …more

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The effect of mass immunisation campaigns and new oral poliovirus vaccines on the incidence of poliomyelitis in Pakistan and Afghanistan, 2001–11: a retrospective analysis

Posted on 3 Aug, 2012
O'Reilly KM et al. 2012. Lancet 380(9840): 491-498 doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60648-5

Background Pakistan and Afghanistan are two of the three remaining countries yet to interrupt wild-type poliovirus transmission. The increasing incidence of poliomyelitis in these countries during 2010–11 led the Executive Board of WHO in January, 2012, to declare polio eradication …more

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The Impacts of Subsidy Policies on Vaccination Decisions in Contact Networks

Posted on 29 Jul, 2012
Hai-Feng Zhang, Zhi-Xi Wu, Xiao-Ke Xu, Michael Small, Bing-Hong Wang. 2012. Cornell University Library.

Often, vaccination programs are carried out based on self-interest rather than being mandatory. Owing to the perceptions about risks associated with vaccines and the `herd immunity’ effect, it may provide suboptimal vaccination coverage for the population as a whole. In …more

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Rubella vaccination: must not be business as usual

Posted on 21 Jul, 2012
FT Cutts , CE Metcalf, J Lessler, BT Grenfell. 2012. Lancet 380:9838

The GAVI Alliance has announced support for eligible countries to introduce measles-rubella vaccine in their routine infant programmes and to start measles-rubella vaccine campaigns in children aged 9 months to 14 years. 30 countries are expected to have done so …more

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Thiomersal vaccines debate continues ahead of UN meeting

Posted on 23 Jun, 2012
Nayanah Siva. 2012. Lancet 379(9834):2328 doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61002-2

Experts are meeting for the fourth time at the end of June to discuss a global treaty on mercury. But such an agreement could hinder vaccination programmes worldwide. Nayanah Siva reports.

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Do cervical cancer data justify HPV vaccination in India?

Posted on 22 Jun, 2012
Allyson Pollock. 2012. J R Soc Med 105(6): 250-262

The Indian government suspended research in April 2010 on the feasibility and safety of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine in two Indian states (Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat) amid public concerns about its safety. This paper describes cervical cancer and cancer surveillance …more

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Perceptions of mumps and MMR vaccination among university students in England: An online survey.

Posted on 21 Jun, 2012
Bolton-Maggs D, Conrad D, Keenan A, Lamden K, Ghebrehewet S, Vivancos R. 2012. Vaccine 30(34):5081-5 doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2012.05.078

Mumps is easily preventable through vaccination. Investigation of a number of recent mumps outbreaks in universities in the North West of England, however, found that affected students were either not vaccinated or only partially vaccinated. An online survey of students …more

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Frequency of Alternative Immunization Schedule Use in a Metropolitan Area

Posted on 18 Jun, 2012
Steve G. Robison, Holly Groom and Collette Young. 2012. Pediatrics 130(1):32-38

OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have described an increase in parental hesitancy regarding vaccines as well as increases in parental adoption of vaccine schedules that delay or limit receipt of recommended vaccines. This study quantifies potential prevalence and trends in alternative schedule …more

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Cervical Cancer and HPV Vaccination: Knowledge and Attitudes of Adult Women in Lusaka, Zambia.

Posted on 12 Jun, 2012
FW Liu, B Vwalika, MR Hacker, S Allen and CS Awtrey. 2012. Journal of Vaccines and Vaccination 3(3)

Of the estimated 525,000 new cases of cervical cancer and 275,000 deaths from cervical cancer in 2008, over 85% were in developing countries [1]. Cervical cancer accounts for over 2.7 million years of life lost among women between the ages …more

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Literature Literature archive

AHviid, JVinsløv Hansen, M Frisch,, et al 2019 Ann Intern Med 170(8):513-520.
Larson HJ, Schulz WS. 2019 SCIENCE VOL 364 ISSUE 6436
O Baggio, C A Camara and C Prue 2019 Humanitarian Exchange Magazine Number 74, February 2019

Videos Video archive

Key figures share their perspectives on a controversy that led to the suspension of Ebola vaccine clinical trials in Ghana.

Drs. Heidi Larson and Pauline Paterson of the Vaccine Confidence Project join episode 50 of the Public Health United podcast with Nina Martin, November 2017.

Drs. Larson and Paterson join a discussion on vaccine confidence at Hong Kong University.  September, 2015.

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