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Literature archive

Children with paralytic poliomyelitis: a cross-sectional study of knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of parents in Zamfara state, Nigeria

Posted on 22 Oct, 2012
Ogwumike OO, Kaka B, Adeniyi AF. 2012. BMC Public Health 12 : 888 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-888

Nigeria is one of the major African countries in which incidences of polio infection persist in spite of several eradication efforts. The preponderance of paralytic poliomyelitis particularly in the northern part of Nigeria raises the question as to whether parents …more

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Missed: Reaching every missed child

Posted on 22 Oct, 2012
S MacKay et al. October 2012. UNICEF Polio Communications quarterly update.

The proportion of vaccinated children continues to rise, but progress is not uniform. in the majority of current sanctuaries, more children have been vaccinated during May–October 2012 than the six preceding months. Improvement in coverage is evident everywhere except the …more

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Public response to the 2009 influenza A H1N1 pandemic: a polling study in five countries

Posted on 5 Oct, 2012
GK SteelFisher, RJ Blendon, JRM Ward, et al. 2012. Lancet Infectious Diseases 12(11):845-50 doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(12)70206-2

BACKGROUND: Many important strategies to reduce the spread of pandemic influenza need public participation. To assess public receptivity to such strategies, we compared adoption of preventive behaviours in response to the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic among the public in five …more

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Contribution of Communication Inequalities to Disparities in Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Awareness and Knowledge

Posted on 1 Oct, 2012
EZ Kontos, KM Emmons, E Puleo, K Viswanath. 2012. Am J Public Health 102(10): 1911–1920 doi:10.2105/AJPH.2011.300435

American Journal of Public Health 102(10) Objectives. We examined the association of Internet-related communication inequalities on human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine awareness and infection knowledge. Methods. We drew data from National Cancer Institute’s 2007 Health Information National Trends Survey (n = 7674). We …more

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Fatigue and Fear with Shifting Polio Eradication Strategies in India: A Study of Social Resistance to Vaccination

Posted on 26 Sep, 2012
RS Hussain, ST McGarvey, T Shahab, LM Fruzzetti. 2012. PLoS One 7(9): e46274 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0046274

Shifting polio eradication strategies may have generated fear and “resistance” to the eradication program in Aligarh, India during the summer of 2009. Participant observation and formal interviews with 107 people from May to August 2009 indicated that the intensified frequency …more

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Vaccination Policies and Rates of Exemption from Immunization, 2005-2011

Posted on 20 Sep, 2012
Omer SB, Richards JL, Ward M, Bednarczyk RA. 2012. New England Journal of Medicine Vol. 367:1170-1171

We computed the annual change in the rates of nonmedical exemptions from school immunization requirements and compared these rates between states that allow philosophical exemptions and states that allow only religious exemptions. We also compared states with respect to how …more

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Parental perceptions surrounding polio and self-reported non-participation in polio supplementary immunization activities in Karachi, Pakistan

Posted on 14 Sep, 2012
Khowaja AR, Khan SA, Nizam N, Omer SB, Zaidi A. 2012. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 90:822-830

Pakistan is one of only three endemic countries in the world still struggling to interrupt poliovirus transmission and meet the target of global polio eradication by 2012. Polio supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) for the home delivery of oral polio vaccine …more

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The effect of mass immunisation campaigns and new oral poliovirus vaccines on the incidence of poliomyelitis in Pakistan and Afghanistan, 2001–11: a retrospective analysis

Posted on 3 Aug, 2012
O'Reilly KM et al. 2012. Lancet 380(9840): 491-498 doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60648-5

Background Pakistan and Afghanistan are two of the three remaining countries yet to interrupt wild-type poliovirus transmission. The increasing incidence of poliomyelitis in these countries during 2010–11 led the Executive Board of WHO in January, 2012, to declare polio eradication …more

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The Impacts of Subsidy Policies on Vaccination Decisions in Contact Networks

Posted on 29 Jul, 2012
Hai-Feng Zhang, Zhi-Xi Wu, Xiao-Ke Xu, Michael Small, Bing-Hong Wang. 2012. Cornell University Library.

Often, vaccination programs are carried out based on self-interest rather than being mandatory. Owing to the perceptions about risks associated with vaccines and the `herd immunity’ effect, it may provide suboptimal vaccination coverage for the population as a whole. In …more

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Rubella vaccination: must not be business as usual

Posted on 21 Jul, 2012
FT Cutts , CE Metcalf, J Lessler, BT Grenfell. 2012. Lancet 380:9838 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61215-X

The GAVI Alliance has announced support for eligible countries to introduce measles-rubella vaccine in their routine infant programmes and to start measles-rubella vaccine campaigns in children aged 9 months to 14 years. 30 countries are expected to have done so …more

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Videos Video archive

In this episode of Take as Directed, J. Stephen Morrison speaks with Dr. Heidi Larson on why vaccine confidence is currently in crisis, and how this has fueled outbreaks such as measles and the persistence of polio in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Prof Larson discusses vaccine hesitancy and its implications across global health in this webinar.

VCP Research Fellow Emilie Karafillakis comments on the anti-vaccination movement, the role of social media and the importance of rebuilding trust. 

Literature Literature archive

KT Paul, K Loer 2019 Journal of Public Health Policy Volume 40, Issue 2
J Kennedy 2019 The European Journal of Public Health Vol. 29, No. 3, 512–516
C Lynderup Lübker,E Lynge 2019 European Journal of Public Health Vol 29 (3):500–505. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cky235
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The Vaccine Knowledge Project at the Oxford Vaccine Group