Measuring vaccine acceptance among Canadian parents: A survey of the Canadian Immunization Research Network

28 Jan, 2018
E Dubé, DGagnon, M Ouakkiet al., Source: Vaccine

Parental decision making about childhood vaccinations is complex and multidimensional. There is a perception
that the number of parents having concerns regarding childhood vaccinations has been increasing
in Canada. The aim of this study was to explore vaccine hesitancy among Canadian parents and to
examine factors associated with a parent’s intention to vaccinate his/her child. Informed by the Theory
of Planned Behaviour (TPB) this study assesses potential associations between parents’ knowledge, attitudes
and beliefs toward vaccination and their intention to vaccinate their child in the future. A national
sample of Canadian parents of children aged 24–59 months (N = 2013) was surveyed using an online survey
methodology. Half of the surveyed parents strongly intended to have their child vaccinated in the
future. Parents’ information needs and searches as well as parents’ trust in different institutions were
associated with intention to vaccinate. Parents who reported having frequently looked for vaccine information,
who considered that it was their role as parents to question vaccines, or who had previously
experienced difficulty accessing vaccination services were less likely to strongly intend to vaccinate their
child in the future. Parents who had a high level of trust in doctors and public health were most likely to
strongly intend to vaccinate their child. Results of the multivariate analysis showed that positive attitudes
(aOR = 8.0; 95% CI: 6.0, 10.4), higher perceived social support (aOR = 3.0; 95% CI: 2.3, 3.93), and
higher perceived behavioural control (aOR = 1.8; 95% CI: 1.4, 2.43) were associated with parents’ intention
to vaccinate their child. Findings of this study suggest that trust-building interventions that promote
pro-vaccine social norms and that address negative attitudes toward vaccination could enhance vaccine
acceptance among Canadian parents.

This entry was posted on Sunday, January 28th, 2018 at 12:27 pm and is filed under Literature.

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