Poland: Parental Opinions and Attitudes about Children’s Vaccination Safety

14 May, 2018
B Braczkowska; M Kowalska; K Barański; M Gajda; T Kurowski; Jan Zejda , Source: IJERPH

Abstract: Despite mandatory vaccinations in Poland, the final decision on vaccination in children is
taken by their parents or legal guardians. Understanding parents’ attitudes and opinions regarding
vaccinations is essential for planning and undertaking extensive and properly targeted educational
actions aimed at preventing their hesitancy. In 2016, a cross-sectional study was conducted in
the Silesian Voivodeship (Poland) in 11 randomly selected educational institutions. The authors’
self-administered questionnaire contained 24 mixed-type questions. It was distributed among
3000 parents or legal guardians of children aged 6–13 years; prior consent of the relevant bioethics
committee had been obtained. The response rate was 41.3% (N = 1239). Data were analysed using
descriptive and analytical statistics, and focused on parental opinions regarding the safety of vaccines.
Results of simple and multivariable analyses showed that perceived risk of adverse vaccine reaction
(AVR), contraindications and perception of the qualification procedure for vaccination as substandard
were significant factors associated with the rating of children’s vaccination as unsafe (p < 0.001).
Respondents with a lower level of education, compared with those with higher, more often declared
vaccinations to be safe (p = 0.03); however, results of multivariable analysis did not confirm that
effect. AVR occurrence, finding of contraindication to vaccinations and perception of qualification
procedure for vaccination were found to be the most important factors responsible for influencing
general public opinions in the field of vaccination safety

This entry was posted on Monday, May 14th, 2018 at 11:29 am and is filed under Literature.

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