This year’s study surveyed 65,819 individuals across 67 countries, investigating confidence in vaccine safety and effectiveness, as well as perceptions of vaccine importance and compatibility with religious beliefs. The analysis, published in EBioMedicine, was conducted in collaboration with Imperial College London and the National University of Singapore, and the data was collected by WIN/Gallup International Association.
Overall sentiment towards vaccine importance is positive across all 67 countries, however there is wide variability between countries and across world regions. Confidence in vaccine safety is less positive, particularly in the European region, which has seven of the ten least confident countries, with 41% of respondents in France and 36% of respondents in Bosnia & Herzegovina reporting that they disagree that vaccines are safe, followed by Russia (28%) and Mongolia (27%), with Greece, Japan and Ukraine not far behind (25%). This is compared to a global average of 12%.
Although in certain countries particular religious groups were more vaccine-sceptical than other groups, no one religion was globally predictive of negative attitudes. This indicates that the effect of faith on vaccine attitudes is dependent on local context, and that these attitudes are not necessarily driven by religious doctrine in itself, but mediated by political, socio-cultural and other factors.
Individual country data can be viewed using our interactive tool below: