Vaccine confidence in the general population and among healthcare professionals and vaccine training needs

The aim of this mixed method study is to examine the general population and healthcare professionals’ (HCPs) confidence in vaccination in a selection of 6 European countries outside the European Union (EU): North Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Balkans), Belarus (Eastern Europe), Armenia, Georgia (Caucasus), and Kazakhstan (Central Asia).

More specifically, this study will aim to address the following objectives:

  1. Assess levels of vaccine confidence in the general population, including in the safety, importance and effectiveness of vaccines in general, as well as the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), Human Papillomavirus (HPV), seasonal influenza and COVID-19 vaccines.
  2. Assess levels of vaccine confidence and explore views, attitudes and recommendation practices for vaccines in general, as well as the MMR, HPV, seasonal influenza and COVID-19 vaccines among HCPs.
  3. Explore HCPs’ confidence in communicating about vaccines as well as their need for training on vaccination.

The study will consist of a quantitative survey with a representative sample of adults from the general population in each of the 6 countries, a survey with a small sample of HCPs in each of the 6 countries, and qualitative interviews with HCPs in the 3 countries with the lowest levels of vaccine confidence (identified through the survey).